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  • Georgia

Georgia – Land of the agricultural and winemaker people in between the two seas and beneath the everlasting snowy Caucasus Mountains. One of the most favourable territory for the great conquerors of all the time due to its location – at the crossroad of Europe and Asia – which by all odds defined the fate of the nation: defending and fighting for survival right from the beginning. Beginning literally means here THE START, THE FIRST ONE – once this is the place where first Europeans, Homo Erectus dating back 1.8 million years, were discovered by the archaeologists. Ancient Greek legends, myths and historical chronicles guide us exactly to this part of the world wherein the VI cc. BC already exist Kingdom of Colchis – nowadays western part of Georgia – and their treasure and Golden Fleece was a red gonfalon for Argonauts and for Persian, Mongol, Seljuq and lots of different vanquishers. Was it really so precious or not, did they exist in real or not you can apprise by yourself, visiting Tbilisi National Museum or Svaneti Museum of History and Ethnography, to name just a few, where artefacts will pull you down through the stories of first winemaking in the huge Qvevris (cylindrical clay pot) 8.000 years ago, marvellous goldsmiths, Medea and Jason, Prometheus chained on mount Elbrus and so forth.

Heart of the Caucasus region is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russian Federation, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the east by Azerbaijan. Since the ancient period, the country at the junction of Western Asia and Eastern Europe always has been the desired strategic destination as a bridging part of the ancient trade root called Great Silk Road till present day – as the main corridor for an alternative gas pipeline connecting the Caspian and the Mediterranean seas. Apart from the location, it has unique nature with its high snow-capped summits on Greater Caucasus Range, dozens of National parks and protected areas, emerald-coloured canyons, mineral water springs, thermal waters, untouchable forests, more than 26.000 rivers, alpine lakes, semi-desert nearby the border of Azerbaijan and 310 km. the long shoreline of The Black Sea to the west. Geographical location is advantageous for different kinds of agriculture, farming, apiculture, winemaking on the lowlands and sheep and goat-breeding in the high mountainous regions. 

There are 11 regions in the country and all of them has its own unique traditions, characteristic cuisine, traditional clothing, folklore, polyphonic music with or without local instruments, dancing, mythology and etc. which will guide you to the unfathomable universe of one of the oldest nation, lifestyle and its breathtaking landscapes. Almost every Georgian can sing, dance and compose Shairis right away and it is not surprising that there are lots of worldwide famous artists from this country e.g. Nino Ananiashvili, Sukhishvilebi Ballet dancers, Pirosmani, Balanchine, Anita Rachvelishvili, Paata Burchuladze, Demna Gvasalia, Eliso Virsaladze, Gia Dvali to name a few.

Here, on the 69,700 km2 area, just within the several hours you are able to travel from one of the highest villages in Europe (Ushguli, 2,100m. UNESCO World Heritage Site; Bochorna, 2,345m.) to the Black Sea shore or to the semi-desert where in Davit Gareji monastery Orthodox Christian monks live since 6th c. AD. This is the country of the most harmonious mixture in architecture and urban development which takes you to the journey from pagan shrines and towers in the high mountainous villages, through Christian basilicas (IV-VI cc. AD) and cross-domed churches of medieval centuries – listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site -  all around the country, to XX c. Art Nouveau residential houses, new trend glassy bridges and skyscraper in the capital beside the third tallest Eastern Orthodox cathedral in the world - The Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi. Religion – Orthodox Christianity - is the part of culture for Georgians since adopting it in the 334 AD It is considered that Georgia is under the patronage of Virgin Mary and 80% of the population is confessor of it, but in spite of this fact still here lots of different confessions are tolerated and all the more in the middle of the old part of Tbilisi in a 1km. distance area you can visit 7 different religious buildings.

Kartvelebi (Georgians) are the people who speak Georgian language and have 3 absolutely different alphabets: Nuskhuri, Asomtavruli and Mkhedruli – the first one Nuskhuri is dated back to 3rd century BC. All of them are used till nowadays and you can see how easily Georgians read the inscriptions on the murals and icons on the walls of the churches - written in a very first type of the script. Georgian alphabet already is the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage. Even more, in the western part of the country, people still talk on Megruli and Svanuri – absolutely different languages from the state one, but without their original script.

If you ask the locals or people who already visited Georgia to describe this country with only one word, in all probability, it will be the Hospitable – as this land is the cradle of wine and here the guests are perceived as a gift from the God.

Georgia – The country which always calls you back till you visit/ESTUMREBI it again.

So, accept the challenge – Say "YES" to the new adventures.